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Message started by Admin Saovaluck on 22nd Oct, 2012 at 9:55am

Title: Your mobile phone is an unhealthy dinner companion
Post by Admin Saovaluck on 22nd Oct, 2012 at 9:55am

A mobile at the dinner table will turn your relationships sour

Bringing your mobile phone to the table? You could be bringing a whole host of problems along with it.

The sight of a mobile can damage personal relationships even if the phone isn’t actually being used, research has claimed.

Two studies showed that if a mobile is visible during a conversation, it causes those involved to feel less positive towards the person they are chatting to.

So anyone who fiddles with their phone over a drink with a friend or leaves it on the table at dinner with their partner could inadvertently be harming their relationships.

Psychologists who carried out the research at Essex University in the UK believe the presence of a mobile phone automatically triggers thoughts of our wider social networks – and so reduces the level of empathy and understanding we apply to our face-to-face conversation.

Lead researcher Andrew Przybylski said: "In both studies we found evidence mobiles can have negative effects on closeness, connection, and conversation quality.

"The presence of a mobile phone may orient individuals to thinking of other people and events outside their immediate social context.

"In doing so, they divert attention away from a presently occurring interpersonal experience to focus on a multitude of other concerns and interests."

In the first study, a team of psychologists asked 37 pairs of strangers to spend ten minutes chatting to each other about an interesting event that had happened in their lives in the past month. The participants sat on chairs in a private booth and a mobile phone was placed on a desk nearby for half of them. For the other half, a notebook was left in the same place instead of a mobile.

After their conversations, all those involved answered questions about the person they had met and these were scored using standard psychological assessment models.

Researchers found that those who had the mobile phone visible nearby were significantly less positive about the person they had just met than the other participants.

They were less likely to agree with statements such as "it is likely that my partner and I could become friends if we interacted a lot".

In a second study involving another 34 pairs of strangers, some were asked to chat about a mundane topic while others had to talk about "the most meaningful events of the past year".

As in the first study, half of the pairs chatted with a mobile phone placed nearby and half with a notebook in the same position.

Having a "meaningful" conversation rather than a mundane one increased the feelings of closeness and trust in their partner for participants in the notebook group.

But the same effect did not occur among those who had a mobile phone lying nearby, the authors report in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.

"These results demonstrate that the presence of mobile phones can interfere with human relationships, an effect that is most clear when individuals are discussing personally meaningful topics," the researchers wrote.

The studies were the first designed to look specifically at the effects the presence of a mobile phone has on face-to-face communication.

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